Count Sámuel Teleki de Szék was born in the village of Gernyeszeg, Maros County on 17th November, 1739. A crucial time of his years of preparation was the four-year study tour he performed in Europe (1759-1763),
Zsuzsanna Bethlen (1754-97) was the daughter of Domokos Bethelen de Iktár and Mária Wesselényi. She was introduced to Sámuel Teleki at the age of 14, then on 19th February 1770 they married.
Farkas Bolyai was born in Bólya, Sibiu County on 9th February 1775, to a lower nobility family. He started his studies at Calvinist College of Aiud (Nagyenyed). Due to his advancement in mathematics and languages he was considered a child prodigy.
Targu-Mures is the hometown of the two famous mathematicians, father and son, Frakas and János Bolyai, where they were known, but unacknowledged personalities.
Besides offering the services connected with the reading room and the exhibitions, the Teleki-Bolyai Library organises other activities and events with which it participates in the scientific and cultural life of the community.